Iowa Territorial Gazette 3-23-1839 Vol. 2 No.36
Burlington Iowa Territory
Runaway or were stolen from
the subscriber near Salem, in Henry Co. Iowa Ter. On Thurs night the 11th inst. 2 Negro men whose names are Winston and Henry,
but they having been run away since the 11th of Aug. last (Aug. 11, 1838) have
called themselves Jack and Bill. They
had found their way into the new purchase of Iowa & the subscriber found them there and was
returning them home to Missouri
stopped to stay at a home from which they escaped or were stolen.
Winston is 26 or 27 yrs. Of age, is Black, 5'8" or
9" high wore away a seal skin cap, blue jeans. Coat with the skirts cut
off and dark casinet pantaloons.
Henry is a yellow boy 18 or 19 yrs. Old. 5'5" or 6" high wore a blue cotton
frock coat, gingham round about. New fur
hat & black skin pantaloons.
I will pay the above reward to any persons who may bring
them to me in Boone Co. Mo. Or $100 or either of them or $100 for securing them
or giving me such information as may enable me to get them. It is supposed that said runaways will be
assisted to escape by some particular white men.
Mar. 16, 1839
(This descriptive advertisement from the Iowa Territorial
Gazette of Mar. 23, 1839
seems to be the first recorded instance of assistance to fugitives by Salem
area Quakers which occurred in 1838.
Note, that this would have been only about 18 months after some of the
earlier Quaker families had arrived to settle in the newly formed Quaker town
of Salem in the just recently
surveyed Black Hawk purchase of the Iowa
Territory. Quakers had been in the Black Hawk territory
and the Salem area since 1835.
is about mid-state on the Missouri River. Word evidently had spread even by that time, that Iowa
was a free state and that
assistance could be obtained from the people with the 'broad-brimmed' hats who
were settling there. Comments
from the research notes of Lewis D. Savage.)